Ing Assignment Forms

Posted on by Murg

Here are six common uses of the –ing form:

 

1. The –ing form is used in progressive verb tenses with auxiliary verbs (helping verbs). These are in active voice. Here are some examples:

  • I amdoing my homework.
  • I have beenwriting all day.
  • I waswriting when the pizza arrived.

 

2. The –ing form can function as a noun. These nouns are called gerunds and can be the subject of a clause, followed by a third-person singular (he/she/it) form of the verb. The gerund in the following sample sentences is bolded, and the verb is italicized:

  • Writingis an important skill.
  • Hikingis one of my favorite activities.
  • Reading before bed helps me fall asleep.

 

3. The -ing  noun (or gerund) can be the direct object of certain verbs. Some verbs that are followed by a gerund are the following:

  • Admit
  • Avoid
  • Consider
  • Deny
  • Discuss
  • Practice
  • Recall
  • Suggest

The verb in the following sample sentences is italicized, and the gerund is bolded:

  • He often avoidsanswering his phone.
  • I consideredconducting semistructured interviews.
  • She suggestedtaking notes.

 

4. The -ing form is used after a preposition. The preposition in the following example sentences is italicized, and the –ing is bolded:

  • Beforeconducting the research, it is necessary to complete a literature review.
  • Her experience ininterviewing will be beneficial.
  • He is bad at remembering appointments. 
  • They complained aboutdriving in rush hour.

 

5. Adjectives are sometimes formed using –ing. The –ing in the following example sentences is bolded:

  • I read an interesting book.
  • The barking dog was annoying.

 

6. The –ing form is sometimes used to include additional information in a sentence in a reduced relative clause. The –ing in the following example sentences is bolded, and the full relative clause is italicized:

  • The woman wearing a dress is sitting by the window. (The woman who iswearing a dress is sitting by the window.)
  • The pens sitting on the desk belong to the teacher. (The pens that aresitting on the desk belong to the teacher.)

Несмотря на все попытки забыть утренний разговор с Дэвидом, он никак не выходил у нее из головы. Она понимала, что говорила с ним слишком сурово, и молила Бога, чтобы в Испании у него все прошло хорошо. Мысли Сьюзан прервал громкий звук открываемой стеклянной двери.

Она оглянулась и застонала.

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