Leadership theories: Autocratic Vs Transformational Essay
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In the past people believed that leaders are born not made. Now the definition of leadership has been changed because now we believe that leaders can be made through education. Leadership plays important part in every field and organization to achieve higher goal. According to Kelly, “leadership is a process of influence in which the leader influences others toward goal achievement” (Kelly & Crawford, 2013, p. 168). Nowadays there are many leadership theories and have different perspective and suggestion. I have chosen two theories to discuss in this paper that is Autocratic leadership theory the Transformational leadership theory. Both theories are total contradictory with each other because both have a different perspective.…show more content…
The main focus of the theory is motivation, inspiration and empowerment to create changes. It is based on the idea of empowering others to facilitate overall goal. Bennis and Nanus (1985) describe this new leader as a leader who “commits people to action, who converts leaders into leaders, and who converts leaders into agents of change” (p.3).177. According to processes to engage and motivate staff article “Transformational leadership is important for high quality care delivery, and behaviors that nurse leaders inspire, role model and reinforce are instrumental in creating work practice that deliver optimum care”.
The first difference between two theories is the role of the leader. In autocratic theory leader has all power, poor relationship with followers and makes decision independently. There is no vision, inspiration and motivation. In addition, the leader does not actively participate in group. On the other hand, “Transformational leaders inspire people with a shared vision of the future. They set clear goals and motivate people in reaching them. And, they communicate clearly with their teams. Transformational leaders expect the best from everyone on their team as well as from themselves leading to improved motivation and high productivity” (March 2013 Leadership Insight). The leader always participates actively because the leader shares the power.http://www.mwaexeccoach.com/insight/March%202013%20Leadership%20Insight.pdf
The autocratic leader make decision it
Show MoreWhen brought up in a conversation, people ask what is the difference between a leader and a boss? According to Theodore Roosevelt the author of Leader and the Boss, “The leader works in the open, and the boss in covert. The leader leads, and the boss drives” ("Leadership,"). This leadership quote exemplifies a profound perception between someone who leads and someone whose authority merely comes from their position. The “boss” has the ability to empower and to fire others. On the contrary, a truly a leader does not maneuvers his authority to enforce rules to his own benefit. They much rather lead than drive those they are responsible for. With that being said, an autocratic leadership style is an authoritarianism, where only one person…show more content…
On the other hand, the downsides of an autocratic leadership can be challenging. This kind of leaders suffer from lack of creativity using their overpowering to oppress, employees or a population creating fear and resentment. According to Hunter Taylor an eHow Contributor defined as an historical example that, Saddam Hussein assassinated individuals that did not approve him. The results were, that each individual were subjugated without the ability to freedom to implement ideas to make their everyday lives better. In addition another autocratic leadership was Fidel Castro who took control over Cuba's resources, resulting in food rationing and attempts by numerous residents to flee the country (Hunter). Enforcing an autocratic leadership on weak leaders may fail loudly in their attempt to exercise autocratic leadership. They would create a power void by making the wrong decisions. A good leader takes into consideration and honor their employee’s thoughts while making a decision. It can be argued that autocratic leadership should only be applied in extreme measures.
Analyzing the advantage and downsides of autocratic leadership, it is obvious that certain situations are clear. It is important to have a strong autocratic leadership style when times are stressful. Autocratic leaders may not have good communication skills, but they sometimes have the best ideas. However, the downsides of this leadership style can be discouraging, because of their controlling,